Pecan Growing Guide

Carya illinoinensis


Crop Rotation Group



Fertile, well drained sandy loam is ideal.


Full sun.

Frost tolerant

Yes, but cultivars should be chosen that fit the climate. Some pecans are much more cold tolerant than others.


Mulch with well-rotted organic matter in spring.


Pecans are large, spreading trees that make good shade trees in large landscapes.


Single Plants: 65' 7" (20.00m) each way (minimum)
Rows: 65' 7" (20.00m) with 65' 7" (20.00m) row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Prepare a large hole by breaking up the soil and adding plenty of well-rotted organic matter. A wide hole is better than a very deep one. Mulch after planting, and encircle the trunk with a wire cage or protective pipe to protect the young tree from animal and insect pests.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Pecans are outstanding nut-producing landscape trees in much of the Southeast USA. Pecan trees will bear for decades. It takes 20 years for a pecan tree to grow to maturity.


Gather nuts as they fall to the ground. Allow them to dry in a place that is protected from rain.


Pecans grow best in warm, humid climates. In cool climate pecans may not produce nuts, and may suffer from coral spot.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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